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Get to know one of the most fertile valleys in southern Peru, the Sacred Valley of the Incas was from time immemorial one of the most important places due to the fertileness of its lands bathed by the waters of the Willkamayu (Vilcanota), within this valley you will be able to appreciate villages beautiful that still grow products such as corn and potatoes as well as three archaeological centers that were the most important in the Inca era.
ARCHEOLOGICAL CENTER OF PISAQ
Pisac is divided into two zones, the old one, located in the upper part, is an Inca archaeological site, and the current one, located in the valley, which dates back to colonial times. Its main square is an entertaining place full of color and with various handicrafts for sale. This town is known for its astronomical observatory.
Pisac’s architecture is also mestizo, built on indigenous remains by Viceroy Toledo. Here you can attend a mass in Quechua in the midst of indigenous people and varayocs or regional mayors. Similarly, it can be seen how the Inca agronomists solved the problem of planting on the slopes of the hills.
It is a tourist attraction due to the Inca archaeological site that forms part, together with Ollantaytambo and Machu Picchu, of the archaeological circuit of Cuzco, which makes it the largest source of income for the town, apart from subsistence agriculture.
Pisac does not escape the famous Inca legends. The city presents a statue that has a very particular one: it is said that the chief Huayllapuma had a daughter, called Inquill, whom he had to marry to the man who could build, in just one night, the bridge over the Willcamayu River – Currently “Vilcanota” or “Urubamba”- (a very important bridge for the defense of the place). Despite the hard task, Asto Rímac -a handsome prince- decided to accept the challenge, and ask for the hand of the princess. The local authorities arranged everything so that Asto Rímac began the work, while the princess had to climb a hill without turning around; because otherwise she and her fiancé would turn to stone. Almost at dawn, the prince had finished with the work, but Inquill, unable to bear it anymore, turned around and remained turned to stone to this day.
Písac is a Peruvian town located in the Cusco region, province of Calca, district of Písac. It is also the capital of the Pisac district.
It is located 30 kilometers from the city of Cusco at an altitude of 2966 meters above sea level. The town is known for its craft fair.2
At the top of the mountain is the archaeological park of Písac, built between the 10th and 11th centuries.
ARCHAEOLOGICAL CENTER OF OLLANTAYTAMBO
Ollantaytambo (in Quechua: Ullantaytampu, “warehouse or inn of Ollanta”) is a Peruvian town and Inca archaeological site, capital of the homonymous district located in the province of Urubamba, in the department of Cuzco. It is located about 90 km northwest of the city of Cuzco.
During the Inca period, Pachacutec conquered the region and built the town and a ceremonial center. At the time of the conquest it served as a fort for Manco Inca Yupanqui, leader of the Inca resistance. In Ollantaytambo there are resistance platforms (to avoid landslides), not agricultural as in the other archaeological sites of Cuzco. Today it is an important tourist attraction due to its Inca constructions and for being one of the most common starting points of the Inca trail to Machu Picchu.
ARCHEOLOGICAL CENTER OF CHINCHEROS
Chinchero is a Peruvian town capital of the homonymous district located in the province of Urubamba in the department of Cuzco. It is the birthplace of the hero of Peruvian independence, Mateo Pumacahua, who participated alongside the Angulo brothers in the Cuzco Rebellion of 1814.
It had a population of 3765 inhabitants. according to the 2017 census. It is located about 30 km from the city of Cuzco at 3754 m a.s.l. n. m.
The monumental zone of Chinchero was declared a historical heritage of Peru on December 28, 1972 through the R.S.N° 2900-72-ED Archaeological Park with the National Directorial Resolution No. 515 of the year 2005.
The Chinchero Archaeological Park covers an area of 34,800 ha. Chinchero was occupied before the Inca Empire. During the Tahuantinsuyo, the Inca Túpac Yupanqui planned the construction of palaces for the elite. Currently you can see the remains of the palace on which the colonial church stands.
HOTEL-PLAZA SAN FRANCISCO
THE SACRED VALLEY OF THE INCAS is located at a height of 2790 meters above sea level. This day we will pick you up at the hotel at the indicated time in the am to start our tour. In Inca times, the Sacred Valley was very important in agricultural production, it is in this valley where large-grain corn was produced and still is, on the tour you will visit its beautiful towns that show their miscegenation, culture, art and architecture. THE TOWN OF PISAQ AND ITS ARTISAN MARKET AND THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL GROUP. Then we will arrive in Urubamba to taste our rich buffet lunch with typical dishes of the region. The trip continues to the archaeological park of OLLANTAYTAMBO which has an antiquity dating from the fifteenth century. Then we will visit CHINCHEROS that still maintains its traditional textile and ceramic art where we will visit its colonial church that highlights its most important canvases from the 15th and 17th centuries. Finally we will return to Cusco where the transport will leave us 2 to 3 blocks from the main square of Cusco. END OF TOUR.